KIVU -voices from Kivu

IMPUNITY FOR CAPITALISM`s LEADERSHIP IN CENTRAL AFRICA AND OTHERS, IN
CONNECTION WITH THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY.

by Raphael Bahebwa , 05/10/17

We Congolese in diaspora can see what other people may not know
about the  impunity with which governments in central Africa have behaved  after more than 21 years of war in the Great Lakes region. Many people argue that this war has as its main focus the division of Congo into two countries for the benefit of multi-
national corporations and Kivu’s neighbours.

After Laurent Kabila took power in Congo (1997-2001) when he overthrow Mobutu , citizens everywhere in Congo sang a song  about how
“the dictator is gone now Congolese people are in peace”. Since that song was sung
we have lost more than 12,000.000 million people and a genocide has taken place in Congo/Kivu. This shows the motive behind was not liberation but invasion. For those of us who are from Kivu we can understand that after 1996 before Laurent Kabila become president he was saying to Congolese people to send their children into the army. The
motive behind was to prepare the future Congolese generation to defend
the country against the aggression and impunity with which Congo`s neighbours have behaved.

Pres. Laurent Kabila , image Wikipedia creative commons
Later on there was a song from our Tutsi neighbours saying we must love one another. But every morning the deaths of many people were reported. This happens from North to South Kivu and from east to west of these two provinces of the great Kivus in Democratic Republic of Congo. Even though it extended later to other provinces in DRC but as professor Yaa Lengi said,it was to “formalise this two provinces to become part of
Rwanda and Uganda”. There is more evidence from UN reports about Rwanda`s
invasion in DRC with M23 and other rebel groups like Bosco Ntaganda in
South Kivu and on Ugandan border side with Nalu. As result people were
killed with pangas in Beni Butembo, Goma, Bukavu and Uvira/Mutarure.

image copyright of Congolese Solidarity Campaign

Complicity of neighbouring countries like Burundi and Tanzania was in
helping the system in order to benefit from mining projects; for example when Joseph
Kabila after his term in office expired, and for him to have more
support from Burundi and Tanzania,  he promised them to exploit the petroleum
industry in Lac Tanganyika meanwhile Rwanda and Uganda with Tutsi
agenda…to balkanise both Kivu provinces is their agenda. For
those Congolese citizens who remember the first time Laurent Kabila came to power
1996-1997 he was saying repeatedly to people in Congo as part of  his manifesto
that parents they must send their children to join the army, and he added that the
war is long… but we couldn’t understand that language at that time
but now we can hear it clearly.

Later on we find killings, rape, intimidating words from our neighbours, Banyamulenge forces,  but in public it seems like we are together, this shows us that ‘danger is on the way` and apart from  that,  we heard a statement from Herman Cohen who said Kivu is part of Rwanda. Last year a constitution was published for Republic of the Great Kivu. All this shows us that what Laurent Kabila was saying was true.

The worst part of the story  we people from Kivu experience on a daily basis,  is that every time, every day since 1996 to now , people who said they
are our brothers are the ones killing our families after staying with
them for more than half a century. Again about our neighbours countries, Burundi and Tanzania for mining interest how they have sold us. We mean a country like Tanzania which expelled a group of Tutsi with their livestock in Ngara province about two years ago. Those peoples then went straight away to Kivu via Rwanda. Thousands of Tutsi refugees who were in Israel are sent back to Uganda and Rwanda, but the final
destination is  Kivu region where they were butchering people in
Kivu. I mean in North Kivu places like Bunia, Beni, Lubero, Ituri, Butembo and so on. Most of those places remain empty and this is where Uganda is sending people to settle and occupy. Same in South Kivu places like Kamanyola in Ruzizi valley and others are joining Lemera, Minembwe, Mulenge; those Tutsi communities who live in those areas in South Kivu.

image : genocidewatch

As a proof we had many rapports from UN as to how Rwanda invaded Congo,
Monusco, Human Rights Watch and many more but the international
community is totally silent about the impunity with which these countries have committed crimes against our people.

We need solidarity with good people like Palestinians and anyone who can
speak out about how these things can be carried out with impunity.
We say STOP HIMA EMPIRE IN KIVU in the name of God.

By Raphael Bahebwa, 05/10/17

 

DR Congo – massacres: Who are the killers of Beni?

by Boniface Musavuli


Tuesday, August 16, 2016

re posted from agoravox.fr

Five days after President Joseph Kabila’s visit to Beni, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, a new massacre occurred in the city. The massacre took place in the Rwangoma District, just 2 km from downtown Beni, a town that is still squared by several battalions of the national army, the FARDC. As usual, the killers all left without a single one being captured by either the army or UN peacekeepers. The opportunity to answer a series of questions that many people have been asking for months about the perpetrators of the genocidal massacres that have raged in this part of the country since October 2014. They are called “Ugandan rebels ADF”, a an official version which deserves to be dissected.

We will try to explain who are really the killers of Beni between the reality of the relations of force on the ground, an official version which no longer holds the road and certainties derived from the investigations and overlaps of several testimonies and serious reports.

I. The military situation in Beni and the balance of power

The territory of Beni is undoubtedly the Congolese territory where we observe the greatest concentration of military per capita and where the inefficiency of the army can hardly find a rational explanation. Indeed, the research undertaken by the GEC , a research group based in New York [1] , is that the number of ADFs oscillate between only 100 and 260 maquisards [2] . They are confined in a small triangle of about fifty kilometers. Opposite, the armada of the Congolese army, the FARDC. Research by DESC-Wondo show a presence in Beni approximately 25,000 soldiers operating in different units [3]. Still on the subject of the firepower of the Congo, it should be remembered that the FARDC is a force of 150,000 soldiers , supported by the largest and most costly peacekeeping mission in the world, MONUSCO, 19,815 peacekeepers including a fire brigade created in 2013 specifically to track down and neutralize armed groups [4] . This Brigade consists of three infantry battalions, an artillery company, a special force and a reconnaissance company.

Basically, with 25,000 soldiers deployed in Beni, a small territory [5] , and the various supporters of MONUSCO, the Congo has largely internal means to overcome a hundred maquisards confined in a pocket handkerchief. Hence this question: who are these really “ADF”?

II. Truths and lies about ADFs

The official version consists of presenting the ADF [6] as Ugandan Islamic terrorists, in connection with foreign terrorist groups, and massacring civilians as part of their new strategy. According to this version, the ADF would be part of a transnational network of Islamists that extends to the Sahel, Boko Haram and the Somali Al-Shebab, or even the Taliban in Afghanistan. This version was built from the secrets of a mysterious character who introduced himself as a defector ADF and is known by the nickname of “  Mr X  ” [7]. For months, this famous Mr X will be the appointed informant of the MONUSCO on the ADF until research leads to an overwhelming finding! The man is a storyteller who invented his stories and told anything. The American researcher Daniel Fahey, former coordinator of the UN Group of Experts on the DRC, met him and published an article entitled “  The man who has frightened the UN” [8] ,in which he enumerates the litany of lies on the ADFs that this gentleman has managed to endorse by the Congolese government and MONUSCO. In reality, far from the “official version”, the acronym ADF does not refer to the same group of assailants. To understand the case of ADF, it is necessary to situate oneself in time. The history of ADF has evolved from one phase to another: from 1995 to April 2014; then from October 2014 to the present .

 

a) True ADF: from 1995 to April 2014

In 1995, after being expelled from Uganda from where they originated, the ADF, an armed group with a radical Islamist tendency, established their base in the Beni Territory (eastern Congo) following an alliance with the national Army for the Liberation of Uganda (NALU), another Ugandan rebel movement installed in the Territory of Beni since 1988. This merger gave birth to a coalition known as the acronym “ADF-NALU  ”. The common goal of these two groups was to overthrow the Ugandan government. In December 2007, NALU fighters visited the peace talks with Kampala. On 17 March 2008, the Ugandan government recognized the Kingdom of Lwanzururu, thus fulfilling the main claim of the NALU fighters. Only the ADF remained in the maquis of Beni [9] .

To return to the ADF, at the end of 2013, after the victory on the M23, the FARDC and the MONUSCO were deployed in Territory of Beni to carry out operations against this armed group. Despite the assassination of the officer who was to pilot the first phase of operations, Colonel Mamadou Ndala, on January 2, 2014, the military campaign was successfully conducted under the command of General Jean-Lucien Bahuma. It was completed in April 2014 with the capture of all the localities controlled by the ADF, including Medina, their command center. The ADF leader, Jamil Mukulu had fled Beni in February 2014, abandoning his troops in full swing. He was arrested in Tanzania in March 2015 and transferred to Uganda where he has since languished in prison. [10]. In their report of 12 January 2015, after the success of Operation Sukola 1, UN experts then describe the ADF as a finite organization . There were only about thirty individuals left without weapons or ammunition, and deprived, incidentally, of sources of supply [11] . It is here, in fact, that the history of the ADFs, “the real ones” ends , the movement of Jamil Mukulu who languishes in prison in Uganda. 750 Congolese soldiers had perished in the fighting, a sacrifice that brought peace to that part of the country, rid of the oldest armed group that raged there.

So, where did the ADFs that we are talking about come from?

 

b) False ADFs: from October 2014 to the present

1 °) Killer machetes from Rwanda

Between April 2014 and August 2014, calm reigned in Beni where economic activity gradually resumed. But several signals signal an imminent security threat. Firstly, there is a massive arrival of Rwandan populations who say they come to settle in Eringeti (Territory of Beni), Boga and Tchabi in the neighboring territory of Irumu, Province of Ituri. According to the provincial authorities, these populations are Masisi Hutu who migrate north in search of land. They have the particularity of traveling with machetes, which should have attracted the attention of the security services. They travel with passes signed by the provincial authorities in Goma and sometimes with new voter cards, which should also have attracted the attention of the authorities. Indeed, the voters’ cards in the Congo date from the 2006 elections. The new maps are made in Rwanda where the M23 had fled with material to make voter cards, and makes it especially for the Burundian rebels who pass through the South -Kivu to destabilize the regime of President Pierre Nkurunziza. In reality, these populations were not Congolese but Rwandan subjects expelled from Tanzania.

As a reminder, President Jakaya Kikwete, anticipating a risk of destabilization of his country by Rwanda, on the same scenario as the case of the “Congolese Tutsi” / Banyamulenge / AFDL , had taken the lead and expelled these populations. In 2012-2013, these populations tried to settle in territories under the control of the M23, but had to flee after the defeat of this movement. They will then go through a military training center in Kagera, Rwanda, and then be sent to Congo with the complicity of the Congolese authorities. [12]. Their numbers have so far been around 60,000 in areas where there are abundant killers known as the “ADFs”, namely the Eringeti forests, with the Irumu neighboring territory as a base. These assailants are obviously fake ADF, and have never known the leader of the movement, Jamil Mukulu. They are Rwandan killers injected into the region as part of a regional conspiracy to annihilate the indigenous populations through terror and acts of extreme cruelty [13] to force them to flee, abandon their land which are reoccupied by non-indigenous populations, flowing from neighboring Rwanda and Uganda. [14]. Hence the characterization of “genocide” adopted by the high authorities of the Catholic Church in the region, in their final declaration of May 2015 [15] . The “genocide Nande,” according to the letter of 18 February 2016 addressed to the UN Secretary General by members of the Great North Caucus [16] .

2 °) The “ADF-FARDC”

The second sign of the deterioration of the security situation in Beni is the death of General Jean-Lucien Bahuma [17] . General Bahuma was replaced at the head of Operation Sukola 1 by General Akili Muhindo, known as General Mundos, an officer of the Republican Guard and reputed close to President Kabila. He is the man by whom misfortune has befallen Beni. Not only is the remnants of the old ADF elements, hitherto scattered in the bush, remobilized so that they resume “service” [18] , and the creation of previously unknown armed groups under the ADF label; but, worse, we see hordes of killers arriving in the wake of the battalions commanded by General Mundos [19]. The killers operate freely. They kill for hours without being worried. They are not arrested. The few who are apprehended, especially by courageous inhabitants, are systematically released. As if there was a will of state to let them “finish the job”. The UN experts, despite their insistence, claim that the Congolese government has not explained why the Beni killers were routinely released [20] .

The massacres had begun on 2 October 2014, the same day when the trial on the assassination of Colonel Mamadou Ndala opened with General Mundos on the list of accused at the bar. The killers speak Kinyarwanda, noted the UN experts, a language that does not speak the “real” ADF [21] . They wear FARDC uniforms and kill nearby positions held by the army. It quickly turns out that these are the Rwandan soldiers who have entered the ranks of the FARDC in application of the mixing and mixing mechanisms [22] . In the report of the Study Group on the Congo (GEC) of March 2016, three FARDC regiments are named: the 808 th regiment involved in the Tenambo-Mamiki massacre, the 809 thregiment involved in the massacre of Ngadi and 1006 th regiment involved in the massacre of Mayangose [23] . These regiments are formed mainly by former CNDP militia [24] , the ancestor of the M23 [25] . This deviation from the army led the people of Beni to designate their killers by the sarcastic appellation of “  ADF-FARDC  ”. These FARDC (ADF-FARDC) soldiers who kill the population, under the ADF mask, are, of course, false ADF and have nothing to do with Jamil Mukulu. What about Uganda?

3 °) The Ugandan hand

Beyond the Rwandan assailants who migrate to Beni with machetes and infiltrators from the mixing and mixing mechanisms, Beni has been recording armed infiltrations from Ugandan territory since December 2013. Famous names have even come back in many testimonies. These include Colonel Richard Bisamaza, a Tutsi, formerly of the CNDP and former commander of the 1 st Sector FARDC based in Beni. He had fled Beni and tried to join the M23 but had failed to reach Ishasha. He then took the road to Uganda, a country whose authorities announced that the deserter was arrested in September 2013. A lie because the presence of Colonel Bisamaza in the massacre areas in Beni was attested by numerous reports and testimony [26]. The man can not carry out these incursions into Congolese territory without the complicity of the Ugandan authorities.

Beyond this case, it should always be remembered that after their defeat, the M23 fighters had withdrawn to Rwanda and especially to Uganda. Since then, they have dispersed from the place of their regrouping. The civil society of Beni has reported several times infiltrations of the elders of the M23 in Beni territory from the borders of Uganda. But there is worse. Indeed, several times, after the fighting between FARDC and assailants, we find on the battlefield corpses of soldiers wearing uniforms, helmets and weapons identical to those of UPDF, the Ugandan army. What to ask who are “Ugandan soldiers” who are fighting against the Congolese army in Beni. The situation could even deteriorate rapidly if President Kabila’s promise to his counterparts Museveni and Kagame was implemented. President Kabila promised to return to the Congo the M23 members who had withdrawn to Rwanda and Uganda as well as the thousands of “Congolese refugees” settled in these two countries. The experiences of the past are that these two difficult neighbors systematically use this kind of opportunity to deploy their own agents in the Congo and cause trouble in the endless war they have waged against the Congo since 1996.

 

Boniface MUSAVULI

Political analyst and human rights activist.

Author of the book LES GÉNOCIDES DES CONGOLAIS – From Léopold II to Paul Kagame ,

New World / New Africa, Vevey, March 2016 (328 pages).

 

[1] GEC (Congo Study Group), an independent research center led by Jason Stearns, former Coordinator of the UN Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of Congo.

[2] GEC, “WHO ARE THE KILLERS OF BENI? ” Investigation Report No. 1, March 2016, p. 16.

[3] The military units deployed in Beni – a commando brigade under the command of General Kalonda, with two battalions deployed in the area called “triangle of death” under Colonel Ngadjole Tipi Ziro Ziro-; - 5 infantry regiments from Kinshasa and Dungu, – 4 infantry brigades, and – a mixed fire support unit of the Republican Guard (GR), which is the size of a regiment (1,200 soldiers). It consists of an artillery battalion with multiple rocket launcher units and anti-aircraft artillery units equipped with DCA guns deployed around the Beni-Mavivi airport. NB: a brigade has about 2,500 soldiers; a battalion has about 800 soldiers while a regiment has 1,200.

[4] The MONUSCO Intervention Brigade is a force of 3,069 soldiers with an offensive mandate. It was established by Resolution 2098 (2013) of the UN Security Council on 28 March 2013. Comprised of South African, Tanzanian and Malawian soldiers, it supports the 17,000 peacekeepers and FARDC units in the zones of fighting.

[5] The Territories of Beni has an area of ​​7,484 km² with a population of 1,273,583 inhabitants, ie an average of 1 soldier for 50 inhabitants, that is to say 11 times more than the national average (1 soldier for 566 habitats).

[6] ADF: Allied Democratic Forces.

[7] It was under this nickname that this gentleman appeared completely masked to testify at the trial on the murder of Colonel Mamadou Ndala in October-November 2014, testimony on the basis of which the Military Operational Court of North Kivu had sentenced Lieutenant-Colonel Birotsho Nzanzu Kosi to death despite protests by the latter. Lieutenant-Colonel Birotsho has since been imprisoned in Makala prison in Kinshasa.

[8] Daniel Fahey, “Congo’s” Mr. X “- The Man Who Fooled the UN” , http://wpj.dukejournals.org/content/33/2/91.abstract .

[9] But it must be emphasized that ADFs (the real ones) were not a “Ugandan rebellion” strictly speaking. They were not attacking Uganda, but against the Congolese people. In addition, the contraband products, mainly wood and gold, which they seized in Congo, they sold on the Ugandan market. They even used accounts in Ugandan banks to finance their criminal activities. Roughly speaking, the ADF and Uganda were partners in the context of a mafia-based economy that they were keeping on the backs of the Congolese.

[10] Daniel Fahey, op. cit .

[11] UN Panel of Experts report S / 2015/19 of 12 January 2015, p. 7, § 14.

[12] ”The hour of revelations about the assassination of Father Vincent Machozi and the massacres of Beni”, April 3, 2016, benilubero.com/lheure-des-revelations-sur-lassassinat-du-pere-vincent-machozi- & the massacres de beni /.

[13] https://www.facebook.com/benigenocide/ .

[14] The process of occupation of the Kivu, the elimination of its indigenous populations and its repopulation by populations from Rwanda is a secret. The subject is discussed in ‘ Les Génocides des Congolais’, pp. 235-239.

[15] ”Our cry for the absolute respect of human life”, Message of the Provincial Episcopal Assembly of Bukavu (ASSEPB), Butembo, May 23, 2015. http://www.africamission-mafr.org/Declaration_ASSEPB_23_05_2015.pdf .

[16] CENTER FOR LEGAL STUDIES APPLIED-CEJA-UCG, “North Kivu: National Caucus Members of the North Caucus alert the United Nations on” Genocide against the Niger community in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo “, ceja. overblog.com/2016/02/nord-kivu-les-deputes-nationaux-du-caucus-grand-nord-alertent-les-nations-unies-sur-genocide-contre-la-communaute-nande-al-est- of the.

[17] General Bahuma died on August 31, 2014 following a discomfort he felt during an official mission to Uganda. For the record, General Bahuma, a hero with Mamadou Ndala, of the campaign against the M23 and against the ADF, two armed groups linked to Rwanda and Uganda, was about to speak in a microphone when he was caught of discomfort.

[18] Several names of FARDC officers are cited in UN reports for their role in the recruitment of ADF masked killers, remobilization of former ADF who fled into the bush, provision of weapons, ammunition and intelligence. See in particular Report S / 2016/466 of the UN Panel of Experts of 23 May 2016, §§ 208-212.

[19]The role of General Mundos, at the head of this army-which-kill-the-population, quickly became blatant, almost from the first weeks of the massacres. Several voices had been raised to demand his departure from Beni. The Kabila regime then organized a “magic trick”. General Mundos was sent to the former Katanga in Kalemie. Then, when the vigilance of the population fell, it was discreetly brought near Beni, in Mambasa, in the neighboring province of Ituri. He was placed at the head of the 32nd Main Defense Force Mechanized Brigade while holding the position of Commander of the FARDC Mambasa-Nyanyi-Komanda-Nyakunde Operational Sector in the Irumu Territory.

[20] Ibid. , § 213.

[21] UN Panel of Experts report S / 2015/19 of 12 January 2015 , §§ 41 and 42.

[22] In its letter of 14 May 2016, the Civil Society of Beni-Lubero claims the departure of these soldiers. Cf. “DRC: open letter to President Kabila on the massacres in Beni”, http://www.rfi.fr/afrique/20160517-rdc-kabila-adf-massacres-beni-lettre-ouverte-gilbert-kambale .

[23] GEC Report, op. cit ., pp. 27-31.

[24] movements that ran the general Laurent Nkunda and Bosco Ntaganda.

[25] They had been placed in the ranks of the FARDC during the pre-election period of 2011 to support the Presidential Majority.

[26] Report of the GEC, op. cit . p. 38.